sources of selection

Hiring a new employee can be a daunting task for any organization. The success of any business depends on its employees, and selecting the right candidate is crucial. The days of placing a job ad in the local newspaper’s classifieds section and only receiving responses from people who saw it are long gone. Today, it’s impossible to predict where and how a company will initially get in touch with a candidate. There are no additional points of contact, and they occur at various stages of the hiring process. But with so many sources of selection available, it can be overwhelming to determine which method is best.

From job boards and social media to referrals and recruitment agencies, the options are endless. Each hiring source has its advantages and disadvantages, and it’s essential to know what to look for to make an informed decision. Student job fairs, brand promotion, talent pools, and hiring all play a part in the recruitment process. In this article, we’ll explore the different sources of selection for hiring a new employee and help you understand which one may be the best fit for your organization. So, whether you’re a small business owner or an HR professional, read on to learn more about the sources of selection for hiring a new employee.

Internal Sources of Recruitment

Internal sources of recruitment are people who are hired from within the company. In other words, candidates for various roles are individuals who are already working for the same company.

First preference should be given to candidates who are already employed by the company when hiring new personnel. This is an essential source of hiring since it offers chances for the improvement and use of the organization’s already-existing resources.

The best and simplest way to choose resources is through internal sources of recruiting because the organization already knows how well they do their duties.

Now let’s talk more about the various internal sources of hiring.

1. Promotion

The term “promotion” refers to an employee’s change in designation. It involves moving a person up the corporate ladder to a higher position with additional responsibility, pay, benefits, and status. Many businesses use internal promotion processes to fill the more senior empty roles. Higher-level openings could be filled from inside the organization. Promotion does not result in more employees for the company.

A person who is moving up the corporate ladder must leave their current employment. The promotion encourages other employees to put in extra effort to be considered for promotion as well.

2. Transfer

The term “transfer” describes the process of moving from one position to another without altering status or responsibilities. It might also entail relocating employees from one department to another or from one location to another, depending on the demands of the job.

3. Employee Recommendations

Employee recommendations are a cost-efficient method of finding the best candidates. It is the practice of acquiring new personnel by checking the references of already-employed company personnel. The current employees can use the sources of selection approach to recommending friends and family to fill open positions.

Employers prefer employee recommendations because they are more affordable and time-efficient than seeking candidates from outside sources. Most businesses will go ahead and give their staff a referral bonus for a successful hire to inspire them.

4. Previous Employees

The recruiting team analyzes the applicant profiles found in the organization’s recruitment database. These candidates are those who have already applied for employment. These resources are easily accessible, and most of the time, the answer will be favorable. Additionally, it is a low-cost method of filling open positions.

People that the previous employees suggest for employment may normally be suitable because they are aware of the needs for various roles. In addition to taking full responsibility for the right conduct and output of the people they recommend, the already employed persons also accept full accountability for those they recommend.

Merits of Internal Source

  • The morale of all employees is raised when a member of the company is granted a higher position. Every employee typically anticipates promotion to a higher role with greater status and compensation.
  • Every organization keeps an accurate record of its employees and is better able to evaluate them, there is less chance of selection errors when an employee is chosen internally.
  • It improves loyalty among the employees towards the company which results in increased productivity.
  • The current staff have been there for a while and can be trusted, so the likelihood of making a hurried decision is completely minimized.
  • The current staff members are thoroughly informed of the organization’s working processes and policies. The existing workforce requires little new training, saving money on training expenses.
  • Employees are encouraged to grow personally because they can envision holding more senior positions.
  • Induction and training are not necessary, Rehires will adapt to working conditions much more quickly because current employees are already familiar with the organizational structure.

Demerits of Internal Source

  • It stops potential resources from being hired again. New resources can occasionally stimulate creative thinking and the development of original ideas.
  • It deters capable individuals from joining the cause from coming from outside.
  • The morale of those employees affected by internal recruitment suffers when they are not chosen or given consideration for appraisal.
  • There could be conflicts between the personnel, depending on who gets promoted and who doesn’t.
  • The position will remain open in the event of an internal resource promotion or transfer.
  • This approach of hiring cannot be used for positions that call for ingenuity and creative thinking.
  • If seniority alone determines promotion, the candidate may not be truly qualified to fill the position.

External Sources of Recruitment

Hiring candidates from outside the company is referred to as using external sources of recruiting. In other words, the candidates looking for employment in this situation are not internal to the company.

Employees from outside the company contribute creativity and new ideas. Although hiring from outside sources might be expensive and difficult, it offers a great deal of promise to help the organization advance in accomplishing its objectives.

Now let’s go into more detail about the various external sources of selection.

1. Advertisement

The most common and well-liked method of hiring from external sources is through advertisements. The job opening is advertised via various print and electronic media, along with a detailed job description and list of prerequisites. Utilizing ads is the most effective technique to find candidates quickly and provides a quick means to assess each candidate’s qualifications. Newspapers and professional magazines are both great places to advertise. These advertisements receive a lot of responses from people with mixed qualifications.

Creating successful advertisements requires specific knowledge. A “blind advertisement” requesting people to apply to Post Pack or Box Number or other advertising agency may be supplied if a company wishes to keep its name a secret.

2. Employment Agencies

Employment agencies are a reliable external source for hiring. It is frequently used as a source of hiring for administrative, clerical, and other low-skill positions. According to the needs of the organization, it offers unskilled, semi-skilled, and skilled resources. These agencies provide their services to organizations for a fee, and they maintain a database of eligible candidates. In some circumstances, it has become mandatory for commercial enterprises to notify the employment exchange of their openings. Employers used to exclusively use these services as a last resort in the past. The employment agencies bring job providers and job seekers together.

3. Job Portals

Job portals are a useful external source for hiring since they give businesses access to a large talent pool of people who are looking for work right now. These portals provide tailored job adverts, allowing businesses to connect with particular candidate profiles according to needed skills and qualifications. Job portals simplify the sources of the selection procedure, offer effective tools for managing applications, and integrate with applicant tracking systems. By showcasing company profiles and enabling comprehensive candidate profiles and resumes, they also improve employer branding. Job sites’ search and filtering features make it easier to quickly find qualified individuals. Overall, job portals save time and money while broadening the population to which job openings are visible.

4. Recommendations

The company and the candidate being recommended are both known to the current staff. Since a current employee will be able to give stronger recommendations for other prospects, recommendations can also be a good source of hiring. Therefore, some businesses urge their current employees to help them find applications from people they know.

In some circumstances, bonuses may also be granted if the employer chooses the people they recommend. Employee morale will suffer if a recommendation results in favoritism.

5. Campus Recruitment

Campus recruitment sources connect businesses with new talent directly from educational institutions, making it an effective external source for employment. It enables businesses to access a pool of young, talented individuals who have recently graduated or are about to do so. Campus recruitment has several advantages, including access to a wide variety of students from different academic fields and social backgrounds. It gives businesses the chance to develop connections with universities and establish their brand presence there. 

Companies can find potential future leaders for their organizations through career fairs, campus presentations, and interviews. Additionally, it encourages a smooth transition from the classroom to the workplace and enables firms to mold graduates to suit their organizational requirements. Additionally, it establishes linkages between educational institutions and the industry, which promotes collaboration and knowledge sharing. It also helps employers advertise themselves.

Merits of External Source

  • It assists in the availability of qualified employees.
  • It encourages job seekers to look for other opportunities.
  • External sources contribute to growth in organization branding.
  • Because new hires already have training and expertise and don’t need much in the way of additional training for their roles, this type of hiring may prove to be more cost-effective.
  • New ideas from employees hired from external sources will be available.
  • There won’t be any favoritism or bias among the personnel.
  • Due to the abundance of potential applicants, there is a greater opportunity to choose the best one.

Demerits of External Source

  • It can result in a lack of cooperation between the new personnel and the current staff.
  • The process takes a while, and the employee has to show up for numerous rounds.
  • Due to the extensive selection process, this process takes extra time.
  • When compared to hiring from within, the expense incurred is relatively considerable.
  • More money and benefits are desired by external candidates.
  • The company will benefit in the long run from the arrival of qualified outsiders.
  • Employee dissatisfaction may result because current workers may believe they merited a chance to advance.

Internal Vs External Source of Selection

Choosing between an internal and external source of selection requires taking both the advantages and disadvantages of each strategy into account. While external sourcing entails hiring people from outside the company, internal sourcing involves filling job openings with current employees already working there. Internal sourcing has benefits like cost and time efficiency because it requires less training and onboarding for current staff. As it displays a commitment to staff growth and career advancement, it also increases employee retention, motivation, and engagement. Internal sourcing makes use of staff members’ understanding of organizational dynamics and promotes loyalty and continuity. 

On the other hand, external sourcing offers the organization new ideas, various skill sets, and fresh perspectives. It helps organizations to quickly fill vacancies with individuals who have a certain set of skills and experiences and gives them access to a larger talent pool. However, due to the advertising, screening, and onboarding procedures, external sourcing could be more time and money-consuming. To ensure a diversified workforce that combines the advantages of current expertise with new talent and innovation, it is essential to strike a balance between internal and external sourcing.

How do Companies Measure the Source of Selection for Hiring?

Companies measure the source of selection by tracking and analyzing various data points throughout the recruitment process. Here are some common methods and metrics used to measure the source of hiring:

  • Source Tracking: Companies utilize applicant tracking systems (ATS) or recruitment software that allows them to track the source of candidates. Each candidate’s application can be tagged with a specific source through which they applied, such as a job portal, employee referral, social media platform, or career fair.
  • Source Effectiveness: To assess the effectiveness of different hiring sources, companies analyze metrics such as the number of qualified candidates generated from each source, the conversion rate of applicants to hires, and the time taken to fill positions from each source.
  • Quality Hires: Companies evaluate the quality of candidates from different sources by measuring performance indicators such as retention rates, performance evaluations, and contributions to organizational goals.
  • Surveys and Feedbacks: Companies often collect feedback from candidates during the application process to understand how they found out about the job opening and what influenced their decision to apply. This feedback can provide insights into the effectiveness of various sources and help optimize recruitment strategies.


There will never be a one-size-fits-all method of finding job candidates. Your business might do better using more conventional methods or profit from elevating current staff. Or, you might be in the ideal setting to do something original and inventive. In this article, we have explored the different types of sources of selection for hiring candidates and assist you to understand which method fits your organization. 

There are lots of pre-employment assessment tools available in the market which is one of the external sources of hiring. Skillrobo is one among them, which provides the recruitment team, an easy way to recruit the right talent to your organization using pre-employment assessment tests. This tool will help your organization to select the suitable hire for the openings and assists in achieving your organization’s goal.

To explore Skillrobo, Sign Up for the free trial. to identify the perfect candidate using the source of selection!